The Lyle Fletcher Arboretum

  • Many of the trees on the grounds of the Wood County Historical Center were planted by Lyle Fletcher,
    a member of the Wood County Parks Commission and a leader in preserving this site as the Historical Center.
    Some of the original trees are now gone, and some replaced with new. If you notice any discrepencies, let us know!

  • The grounds are maintained by the Wood County Park District as a public park.

Eastern White Pine (1)

Pinus strobus

A common conifer, the white pine can be identified by its clusters of five needles. They are soft and not prickly, making it a popular Christmas tree. The leaves are a good source of vitamin C for animals. Because of its tall, straight trunk, its wood was used by colonial shipbuilders to make ship masts.

Red Pine (2)

Pinus resinosa

Needles are in bundles of two and break crisply. It is sometimes called “Norway Pine,” possibly due to English explorers confusing it with Norway Spruce. It is used in landscaping and for replanting cleared areas.

Yellow or Short Leaf Pine (3)

Pinus echinata

Needles are in bundles of two or three. The wood is used extensively in construction, often for plywood or barrel-making. Indians used it medicinally, making tea to treat a variety of ailments.

White Spruce (4)

Picea glauca

This northern tree has stiff single needles, not bundles. The wood is commercially valuable, used to make instruments. The leaves are eaten by animals searching for wintertime food, including deer and rabbit.

Norway Spruce (5)

Picea abies

This pyramid shaped tree has large cones and drooping twigs. It is a non-native tree introduced as an ornamental to United States’ landscapes. Each Christmas, the country of Norway gives a Norway Spruce to the cities of New York and Washington D.C. for United States’ aid during World War II.

Eastern Hemlock (6)

Tsuga canadensis

The short, dark green leaves have a silvery underside. The cones appear to be miniature. Its bark was once used in leather tanning, and pioneers made brooms from the branches. Indians made tea from the inner bark to treat colds, coughs, and fever.

Ginkgo (7)

Ginkgo biloba

Fan-shaped leaves make this tree easy to identify. It was introduced to the United States from China. This species has male and female trees. The fruits dropped by females produce an offensive odor. An extract from the leaves has been clinically shown to improve short-term memory in early Alzheimer’s patients.

Black Walnut (8)

Juglans nigra

This species produces a nut that is tasty to animals and people alike. Indians used the husks that turn from green to dark brown to make a black dye. Chemicals from the tree leach into the ground, keeping other plants from growing near it. Its wood is highly valued in furniture-making.

Shagbark Hickory (9)

Carya ovata

his tree lives up to its name, as the bark appears “shaggy.” The nut is light brown and eaten by many animals and people. The word hickory comes from the Indian word “pawcohiccora,” a food made from the nut.

Bur Oak (10)

Quercus macrocarpa

Bur oak gets its name from the large, fringed acorns that it drops in autumn. The fringe on the cups of the acorn resemble the bur on a chestnut tree. It is one of the first trees to invade the grasslands of the West.

BPin Oak (11)

Quercus palustris

The Pin Oak has thin twigs that sprout from its main branches. It is a popular tree for landscaping because it is hardy and easily transplanted. Oaks have a plant defense chemical called tannic acid. It is valued by people for its antiviral and antiseptic properties.

Weeping Mulberry (12)

Morus alba var. pendula

This variety of the white mulberry is named for its drooping branches. The white mulberry was introduced from China as food for silkworms. Silk production did not succeed, but the plant has thrived in its new surroundings. The berries are consumed by wildlife and humans.

Saucer Magnolia (13)

Magnolia soulangiana

This pretty tree has beautiful flowers that bloom in the early spring. It may even bloom as a small shrub. It originated in 1820 as a chance hybridization between two Chinese magnolias.

Canada Plum (14)

Prunus nigra

The fruit of this tree can be eaten whole or used to make preserves. Its Latin name (nigra) refers to the dark color of its branches. Found rarely in our area, Northwest Ohio is on the southern edge of its range. It is a state endangered species.

Eastern Redbud (15)

Cercis canadensis

The pink flowers bloom in the early spring before leaves sprout. The flowers are edible raw or cooked. It is sometimes referred to as the “Judas-tree.” A myth claims that Judas Iscariot hung himself from a relative of our redbud. The white flowers then turned red with shame.

Sugar Maple (16)

Acer saccharum

The sugar maple puts on a spectacular autumn show, turning shades of yellow, orange, and red. Its sap is boiled to make maple sugar and syrup. Each tree produces between 5 to 60 gallons of sap each year. Around 32 gallons of sap makes one gallon of syrup.

Black Maple (17)

Acer nigrum

This tree is a close relative of the sugar maple. Its wood is used to make furniture, and trees with unusual grain patterns are highly valued. The sap is also used to make syrup and sugar.

Ginkgo (7)

Ginkgo biloba

Fan-shaped leaves make this tree easy to identify. It was introduced to the United States from China. This species has male and female trees. The fruits dropped by females produce an offensive odor. An extract from the leaves has been clinically shown to improve short-term memory in early Alzheimer’s patients.

Silver Maple (18)

Acer saccharinum

Silver maple is named for the silvery undersides of its leaves. It is often used in landscaping because it grows fast. Its seed “helicopters” clog up eaves troughs each spring. These relatively short-lived trees die and provide homes and food for animals.

Norway Maple (19)

Acer platanoides

The Norway maple is a non-native species often planted along city streets. It grows quickly and tolerates a variety of conditions. There are many different varieties used in landscaping, producing different fall colors.

Horsechestnut (20)

Aesculus hippocastanum/h4>

The horsechestnut gets its name from the practice of using the seeds to treat horses suffering from a cough. The seeds they produce are what many people call “buckeyes,” as the buckeye and horsechestnut are closely related. It is native to Europe but widely planted in parks across the U.S.

Ohio Buckeye (21)

Aesculus glabra

Our state tree, pioneers kept buckeyes in their pockets to treat joint pain. This may be why people believe that it is good luck to keep one in your pocket. Indians ground up the toxic nuts and dusted them in streams to stun fish, making them easy to catch.

Basswood, bee tree (22)

Tilia americana

Basswood is sometimes called the “bee tree” because bees prefer its nectar. The honey is produced commercially and sought after by honey fanatics. The twine-like inner bark was used by Indians to make rope and mats.

Littleleaf Linden, Lime Tree (23)

Tilia cordata

This species is native to Europe. It has been planted in the U.S. as a landscape tree along streets. Its flowers are used in Europe as a treatment for colds, coughs, flu, and sore throat. The seeds are attached to a lime green wing. Wind catches these wings to disperse seeds.

White Ash (24)

Fraxinus americana

Ash wood is used to make sports equipment. Baseball bats, tennis racquets, and hockey sticks are often made from ash. The seeds are thought to be an aphrodisiac. Unfortunately, many of these trees are being lost to the invasive and destructive emerald ash borer.

Japanese zelkova (25)

Zelkova serrata

The zelkova has been planted in the U.S. as a replacement for the American elm. It is a relative that is resistant to Dutch Elm disease. In Japan it is often used in bonsai, an art form using miniature trees in containers.